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The issues of medical deontology in dental practice, especially in pediatric dentistry, are currently of great relevance. A physician who performs his professional duty to a sick or healthy person is obliged to provide him with the necessary medical care and at the same time to avoid causing any harm to his physical condition and psyche by his actions in every possible way. Violation of these actions is condemned by society as a violation of ethical norms.

Medical deontology is the study of the medical professional’s professional duty to the individual in his or her line of work and to society as a whole. This science teaches the doctor to treat the patient not as an object of his observations and therapeutic actions, but as an individual with his own spiritual world, his desires, hopes, fears, fears, because each person is different.

To know the individuality of a dental patient, especially a child, is possible only by communicating with him, by observing his behavior attentively. And knowledge of psychology, and in particular the psychology of the “little patient” is very important – absolutely essential – for the dentist. Dental treatment affects the psyche and character of the child, and anxiety, apprehension, reactivity that arise can always be connected with previous sufferings, fear of waiting for treatment procedures, operations, etc.

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Attitudes towards dental treatment, both for children and adults, depend on individual personality traits – character, temperament, individual experiences. A major role is played by previous education, the severity of the painful condition experienced and the environment.

Adults in most cases, being aware of an impending “trip to the dentist”, of the threatening danger and necessity of treatment, mobilize their will to actively suppress fears and negative emotions related to the forthcoming treatment. And the child cannot consciously assess the danger and be convinced of the need for treatment. The main place in his/her attitude toward the illness is emotional – fear of pain, fear of the unknown and anxiety about the upcoming treatment.

In an adult, the doctor must be convinced of the need for treatment (for example, tooth decay), but in a child, his or her negative emotions must first be overcome. Children need love, affection, attention, and sympathy.


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